What Does an HIV Test Entail?

An HIV tests entails the use of two tests, which tests various factors in your blood. The first is the ELISA, which determines whether your immune system shows that the virus is present. However, you should note that the HIV test would not determine whether you actually have the virus and it is therefore important to follow up the test with the Western Blot test, which will determine whether the ELISA was correct. In addition, it is also important to realize that four out of five times the Western Blot test shows that the ELISA was incorrect.

Medical Testing

The HIV tests entails that an individual has to go to clinic, hospital, or doctor’s office that can give a test concerning the HIV. You will be given a pamphlet of information that will help you to understand what HIV is and what your test results could mean. You will be given a blood test that will need several days to determine whether you actually have the indicators that state you might have the virus. However, remember if you are given the ELISA test, you will also want to request the Western Blot test if your doctor or attending practitioner does not offer it.

The ELISA Test

The blood test of the ELISA is an antibodies test, which will determine whether the antibodies in your blood have been affected. In most instances, when a body is exposed to a virus the antibodies will go to work and remove the virus if they are strong enough to do so. However, the HIV is different in that the antibodies cannot beat it. Although there are a few rare individuals who seem to be unable to get HIV, as of yet there has been no determination on why this is and how it might be possible to help the body fights off the infection.

Testing Alternatives

However, there are also more recent tests, which will determine the presence of the HIV by swabbing the mouth and checking the saliva. Many individuals prefer this method, as well as individuals who are in the medical field. There are numerous reasons for this. Not only is it less invasive, but also many people feel uncertain about being poked with needles, especially when they are frightened about their results. An HIV test entails different emotions that are clouded with turmoil, which means an individual should request the test that feels best to him or her.

Proper Time to Test

It is also important to note that an HIV test entails that an individual will not have his or her body affected enough to determine whether the virus is there until three to six months after being infected. In addition, some individuals never have enough evidence within their bloodstreams to show that there is the possibility of having HIV. This means that for these individuals, they will need to be very aware of their bodies and should they start showing any symptoms they will need to go to their doctors right away rather than relying on the test.

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